Our industry-standard approach to cycle mapping

Our cycle maps were pioneered by members of the campaign, with the Cheltenham & Bishop’s Cleeve Cycle Map being the first of its kind to be published in the UK. Similar maps have since been published for Gloucester, Tewkesbury, Cirencester and Kettering, and we continue to offer consultancy to support other towns and cities to produce comprehensive tools for people to plan journeys.

Instead of showing only specific cycle routes and other facilities, the map categorises the entire highway network according to the degree of skill and experience needed for cycling. This classification is linked to levels of cycling competence prescribed by the National Standard for Cycle Training.

Core principles of effective cycle mapping

The map is based on the following principles:

All roads (other than where cycling is legally prohibited) are cycle routes, but the amount of skill needed for using them varies according to traffic volume and speed and the complexity of road design. Whilst inexperienced cyclists will not be competent to use more difficult roads, almost all roads are capable of being used safely by cyclists who can attain Level III in the National Standard for Cycle Training.

The map should have the widest audience and provide information useful to cyclists of all abilities. However, not all of the information will be relevant to all cyclists. By providing ‘higher level’ information, less able cyclists may be inspired to extend their horizons by becoming more skilled.

Whilst designated cycle routes and other facilities are clearly shown, they should not dominate the map. Facilities of low standard, particularly where there are safety concerns, should generally be omitted.

The map as a whole should provide a ‘do-it-yourself’ tool to enable any individual, irrespective of their ability, to work out the route that is best for them between any two places. No network of designated cycle routes can ever provide such a comprehensive asset for all cyclists.

A base map showing cycle routes for all abilities

The map uses a digital base map with all roads shaded according to the experience required to use them. There are five classifications of road. Whilst all classification is subjective, the following general criteria are applicable. Colours are applied incrementally along roads (not to roads as a whole), as conditions change.

The road key for our industry standard cycle map, showing different levels of experience required for each road type.
  • Yellow: Quiet roads with little traffic and low traffic speeds. Generally suitable for all cyclists. These are mostly non-distributor residential streets or roads through parks.
  • Green: Through routes with moderate traffic and low speeds. Suitable for Level II and Level III cyclists; perhaps Level I at less busy times. Shopping streets and industrial premises should be classified green as minimum due to the complexity of the traffic environment.
  • Blue: Busy roads, including A or B roads, where road design is traditional and does not lead to excessive speed. Few HGVs. Road width allows safe overtaking of cyclists over the greater part of its length. Suitable only for Level II and Level III cyclists.
  • Red: Busy principal roads, perhaps with some HGVs. Road width restricted, leading to increased risk from overtaking vehicles. Traffic speed high relative to road width with drivers less willing to cede right of way to cyclists. Complex junctions. Suitable for Level III cyclists and some Level II.
  • Purple: Fast, busy roads with frequent HGVs. Motor vehicle-orientated road design, such as use of slip roads, large roundabouts. Restricted lane width. Suitable only for Level III cyclists.

The standard also provides for the depiction of steep hills by an arrow pointing downhill (similar to that used by Ordnance Survey).

Cycle facilities

Designated cycle facilities are shown on the map as an overlay in such a way that the base information is not obscured. Only facilities legally available for cycling are shown. The following types of facilities are depicted:

Our generic key that shows how different additional elements create a truely comprehensive cycle map

  • Signed cycle routes along roads; These are depicted by the use of blue road edging.
  • Off-road cycle routes; These are shown as a solid green line of width similar to minor roads. Access points are indicated where routes are grade-separated from roads.
  • Signalled cycle crossings; A symbol is used to indicate signal installations with a cycle phase to take a cycle route across a road.
  • Traffic restriction exemptions; These can include road closures with retained access for cyclists and exempt turns. A lateral orange line is used to show that cyclists may cross (perhaps only in one direction) but general traffic cannot.
  • Pedestrianised streets; If cycling is legally permitted, the streets are shown green as for ordinary roads where pedestrian volumes are high. If cycling is only permitted at certain times, a striped colour is used based on the experience required for cycling at those times.
  • Contra-flow access; If cycles can use otherwise one-way streets in both directions (through the incorporation of a contra-flow cycle lane or by an exemption to a ‘plug’ at one end), this is shown by a double-ended arrow.
  • Shared-use footways; These are shown only when the standard of implementation and maintenance is such that they do not significantly increase risk for those cyclists most likely to use them (Level I and some Level II). A broken red line is used.
  • Cycle tracks adjacent to roads; These are shown with a solid red line only if implemented and maintained to a high standard (minimum width 3m). Lower standard tracks (but not so low as to be unduly hazardous) are shown with a broken red line.
  • Cycle parking; All locations with good standard cycle parking facilities are shown. Each symbol may indicate a cluster of parking stands.
  • Cycle shops; The locations of shops are shown by a numbered symbol cross-referencing a list of cycle shops on the map reverse.
  • Cycle lanes, Advanced Stop Lines, Bus Lanes; These are not depicted on the map but are taken into account in the classification of the roads on which they are present. Because narrow cycle lanes typically result in cyclists being overtaken closer and faster, with extra care needed when making most manoeuvres, these should generally result in a road being classified as requiring more experience than would otherwise be the case.

Consultancy and help to create your own cycle map

The experts that developed these maps continue to be active members of the cycling campaign, and we are able to offer cost effective consultancy to help you develop a cycling map for your area. Contact us to arrange an initial discussion on how we can support your needs.

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